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Role of payment for environmental services in improving livelihoods and promoting green economy: empirical evidence from a Himalayan watershed in Nepal

Authors:

K P Pant ,

Kathmandu University, NP
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College of Arts
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G Rasul

International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, NP
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Abstract

Although mountains are rich in natural resources and provide vital ecosystem services to the global community, mountain people are marginalised. As the ecosystem services they provide are mostly free of charge, they have no incentive to invest in the conservation. We examine the feasibility of improving their livelihoods through the sale of water services to downstream communities. Using hydro-meteorological data, we assessed the effects of forest conservation on water yield and estimated the value of water services to downstream communities. Results show that if a system of payment for ecosystem services is established, mountain communities can improve their livelihoods by converting their farmland into conservation areas. However, it will take 15 years to increase the water yield, which means that external assistance is required in early years. Policy measures are suggested to establish a market for ecosystem services to encourage upstream communities to take conservation measures.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/jepsl.v2i1.5734

Journal of Environmental Professionals Sri Lanka Vol.2(1) 2013 1-12

How to Cite: Pant, K.P. & Rasul, G., (2013). Role of payment for environmental services in improving livelihoods and promoting green economy: empirical evidence from a Himalayan watershed in Nepal. Journal of Environmental Professionals Sri Lanka. 2(1), pp.1–12. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jepsl.v2i1.5734
Published on 04 Jul 2013.
Peer Reviewed

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